Kitchen First Aid and Emergencies
The kitchen is the heart of the home, and where most accidental burns and cuts occur. Below are some suggestions for First Aid for the Kitchen Emergencies in the event of an accident. Every adult should be aware of basic first aid for common home, especially the kitchen, injuries.
National Fire Protection Agency and the U.S. Fire Administration suggest fire extinguishers should present in the kitchen and you should know how to use it and when to use it. Often a simple pot lid can quickly put the fire out or baking soda. The problem is if it is not out and ready for use the fire can get away from you. Call for 911 help immediately, fires grow quickly out of control. It is better to be embarrassed letting someone know you have a problem before it is out of control. Alert everyone in the house to get out.
Preventing Burns While Cooking
The most common cause of house fires is cooking, and the most common cause of burns in kids under 3 come from scalding hot liquids or hot surfaces.
Here are a few tips to help you make your kitchen a safer place. Please ensure that the following precautions are in place.
- Stay in the kitchen while food is cooking. It is so easy to get involved on the computer or television and forget your times and your food will burn. Use a timer so you have a reminder.
- Turn pot handles toward the back or center of the stove to prevent someone from either bumping or grabbing a hot handle.
- Keep items such as dish towels, plastic bags, and long sleeves away from the heating surface.
- Most kitchen fires start because of heating fat or oil. A simple pot lid often can put out the flames.
- Never cook while holding a child or pet.
- Keep small children and pets away from the front of the oven or stove.
- Every home should have a first aid kit in the kitchen for fast and easy use. All family members and babysitters should know where they are.
First Aid for Kitchen Burns
Burns There are two forms of burns that occur commonly in the kitchen:
A dry burn is one that occurs from a direct source of dry heat, such as touching a burner or other hot object.
A moist burn is one occurring from steam.
Burns are indicated in various degrees:
A first degree burn refers to burning of the top layer of skin. It is associated with swelling and reddening of the skin. The casualty may complain of mild to serious pain.
A second degree burn refers to burning the top layer of skin, along with the second sub-layer. It is associated with raw, moist skin – colored white or very red, and often weeping fluids. The casualty may complain of extreme pain.
A third degree burn refers to burning the top two layers of skin, as well as underlying muscle, nerve or fatty tissues. These are extremely serious, and are associated with waxy white or charred skin, dry or leathery appearance, and complaints of little to no pain in the deepest burned areas.
If despite your best efforts, you or a family member suffers a burn in the kitchen, follow these first aid tips:
- Run clean cool water over the burned area, soak it in cool water (not ice water), or cover it with a clean, cold, wet towel.
- Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or a clean cloth.
- Protect the burn from pressure and friction.
- Use over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain.
- Do not apply butter, ice, fluffy cotton dressing, adhesive bandages, cream, oil spray, or any household remedy to a burn.
- If a burn appears to be severe or you develop signs of infection, call your doctor.
Preventing Scalding Burns
Of the many types of burns that can happen in your home, scalds may be the most unexpected. Thousands of people are injured each year by hot liquids and many of them are young children. Children and older people have thinner skin than teens through middle age adults and are more likely to receive severe burns from hot liquid. Simple precautions can protect you and your family from scalding burns.
- Set your hot water heater to 120 degrees.
- Turn pot handles toward the back or center of the stove so children cannot tip pots over.
- Never warm baby bottles in the microwave; they may heat unevenly and can burn your baby’s mouth.
- Use mugs or coffee cups with lids when you are around children.
- Keep hot liquids like soup, coffee, or tea away from the edge of counters and tables.
- Most scalds and burns are caused by spillages of hot liquid; hands, arms, and feet are the parts of the body most at risk.
- Avoid lifting and carrying heavy or awkward containers or get two people to team lift where possible.
- Allow oil and fat to cool before moving.
- Wait for appliances to be cool before starting to clean Always use oven cloths and gloves and wear covered in shoes.
First Aid for Scalding Burns If you or a family member suffers a scalding burn, take the following steps to start healing:
- Remove any clothing that is wet from the hot liquid.
- Slowly cool the injury under running clean tap water for 30 minutes.
- Do not apply ice, because it may stop important blood flow to the damaged skin.
- Avoid ointments, grease, and oil (contributes to the cooking process of the burn).
When a serious burn occurs:
- Phone for medical help if necessary.
- Cool the burn.
- Immerse in CLEAN cool water (not cold) If it is not possible to immerse, gently pour cool water over the burn.If that is not possible, use a cool clean soaked cloth over the burn.
- Remove any restrictive materials (i.e. clothes) or objects (i.e.jewelry) immediately, before swelling occurs.
- When the burn has been cooled, and the pain has lessened, apply a loosely fitting clean (preferably sterile) cloth over the burn cure with tape, begin careful not to apply tape over the burn.
- Make the burned person as comfortable as possible until help arrives.
CUTS- Safety precautions for sharp items:
Keep knives sharp and use properly.
Use a drawer divider or knife rack for sharp cutting tools.
Don’t try to catch a falling knife.
Don’t soak knives in sink or dishpan or water.
Sweep up broken glass from the floor using broom and dustpan.
Wrap broken glass and dispose of it safely;
First aid for cuts –Cuts:
Consumer product safety commission estimates over 137,000 people receive hospital treatment for injuries from kitchen knives each year. Serious cuts can occur from numerous sharp objects in the kitchen. It is important to seek medical help if you are unsure of the seriousness of the cut, or the origin of the cut.
When a Minor cut occurs:
- Minor cuts – wash with soap and water, blot dry and bandage.
- First aid should be applied to cuts immediately to prevent infection.
- Stop severe bleeding with the pressure of a thick cloth.
- Completely cover the cut before you start cooking again. You can put a bandage and then wrap your figure with plastic wrap to keep the wound clean and prevent blood and other things from getting into the food.
When a serious cut occurs:
- Assess the situation. Phone for medical help if necessary.
- If possible, clean the cut of any dirt or debris by wiping AWAY from the wound with a clean (preferably sterile) cloth.
- Stop severe bleeding with the pressure of a thick cloth.
- Protect the wound by covering it with a clean (preferably sterile) cloth.
- If there is profuse bleeding, use a bandage or cloth to apply pressure to the cut. Elevate above the heart if possible.
- If there is an embedded object, do NOT try and remove it yourself, rather, support the object with the help of bandaging.
- Make the injured person as comfortable as possible until help arrives.
Electricity in the kitchen area can cause any number of accidents for electrocution to burns. The following are precautions concerning electricity:
- Don’t overload circuits by using adapters.
- Keep leads (cords) as short as possible.
- Appliances save both time and work in the kitchen. But, they are a source of shock, burns and other injuries.
- Read owner’s manual.
- Use care with any plugged in appliance.
- Water and electricity don’t mix –keep appliance and cords dry.
- Don’t use electrical appliances near to sinks.
- Avoid damage to electrical cords – tugging on the cord, stapling, or burn them.
- Use outlets properly.
First aid for electrical shock –
- Don’t touch person connected to electricity.
- For electric shock, first, kill the power to the equipment or electrical source before touching a person who is still in contact with electric current or pull person away with cloth loop otherwise you could be hurt, too.
- Then check to make sure the person is breathing. If the person is not breathing and has no pulse, have someone call for emergency medical assistance and administer CPR until help arrives.
Assistance For falls
Never move a person if you suspect broken bones or if the person complains of bad back or neck pain. Call 911. Keep the victim comfortable until emergency medical help arrives. If the person is not badly hurt and can move comfortably on his or her own, help the person up and have him or her sit down until feeling OK.
CPR – When a person has stopped breathing and heartbeat have stopped.
First aid for Choking –If a person can speak, cough or breathe, do nothing. Do the Heimlich maneuver (details below) procedure.Understand how to do the procedure now so when an emergency comes up you will know what to do.
Other First Aid Necessities
Food allergies are becoming increasingly common, as well as severe. As most food preparation takes place in the kitchen, it pays to be diligent about ingredients that may affect members of your household, as well as knowledgeable on what to do in the case of an emergency. If you or others have severe allergies, you may be instructed to wear a medical bracelet outlining your condition, or be required carry medicine to be administered in the event of accidental ingestion.
It is extremely important for other members of your household to understand your condition, and know how to treat it. For example, if some has an allergy to nuts or seafood or bee stings, they may carry an Epi-Pen with them self at all times. The Epi-pen is an injectable shot of epinephrine designed to treat anaphylactic shock. There are specifics regarding how it is administered that family members, teachers, friend, and co-workers must be made aware of in order to help the person to get to a hospital – and therefore save a life. Often times someone does not know they are allergic to a food or insect bite and the first time the reaction occurs can be frightening to all concerned. Keeping a calm head and getting immediate medical attention will save a life.
How to Do the Heimlich Maneuver for CHOKING ADULTS
A choking victim can’t speak or breathe and needs your help immediately. Follow these steps to help a choking victim:
- From behind, wrap your arms around the victim’s waist.
- Make a fist and place the thumb side of your fist against the victim’s upper abdomen, below the rib cage and above the navel.
- Grasp your fist with your other hand and press into their upper abdomen with a quick upward thrust. Do not squeeze the rib cage; confine the force of the thrust to your hands.
- Repeat until object is expelled.
UNCONSCIOUS VICTIM, OR WHEN RESCUER CAN’T REACH AROUND VICTIM:
- Place the victim on their back. Facing the victim, kneel astride the victim’s hips. With one of your hands on top of the other, place the heel of your bottom hand on the upper abdomen below the rib cage and above the navel. Use your body weight to press into the victim’s upper abdomen with a quick upward thrust. Repeat until object is expelled. If the Victim has not recovered, proceed with CPR.
The Victim should see a physician immediately after rescue.
- Don’t slap the victim’s back. (This could make matters worse.)
The Heimlich Maneuver for CHOKING INFANTS
Follow these steps to help a choking infant:
- Lay the child down, face up, on a firm surface and kneel or stand at the victim’s feet, or hold the infant on your lap facing away from you. Place the middle and index fingers of both your hands below his rib cage and above his navel. Press into the victim’s upper abdomen with a quick upward thrust; do not squeeze the rib cage. Be very gentle. Repeat until object is expelled.
2. If the Victim has not recovered, proceed with CPR. The Victim should see a physician immediately after rescue.
3. Don’t slap the victim’s back. (This could make matters worse.
The Heimlich Maneuver for CHOKING (ONESELF)
When you choke, you can’t speak or breathe and you need help immediately. Follow these steps to save yourself from choking:
- Make a fist and place the thumb side of your fist against your upper abdomen, below the rib cage and above the navel.
- Grasp your fist with your other hand and press into your upper abdomen with a quick upward thrust.
- Repeat until object is expelled.
Alternatively, you can lean over a fixed horizontal object (table edge, chair, railing) and press your upper abdomen against the edge to produce a quick upward thrust. Repeat until object is expelled.
See a physician immediately after rescue.
2 Deliver rescue breaths. With the person’s head tilted back slightly and the chin lifted, pinch the nose shut and place your mouth over the person’s mouth to make a complete seal. Blow into the person’s mouth to make the chest rise. Deliver two rescue breaths, then continue compressions.
Note: If the chest does not rise with the initial rescue breath, re-tilt the head before delivering the second breath. If the chest doesn’t rise with the second breath, the person may be choking. After each subsequent set of 100 chest compressions, and before attempting breaths, look for an object and, if seen, remove it.
3 Continue CPR steps. Keep performing cycles of chest compressions and breathing until the person exhibits signs of life, such as breathing, an AED becomes available, or EMS or a trained medical responder arrives on the scene.
Note: End the cycles if the scene becomes unsafe or you cannot continue performing CPR due to exhaustion.
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