Good to Know Abbreviations and Measurements
Many recipes use abbreviations for common terms like teaspoon, tablespoon or cup. You will see the abbreviations often in cookbooks and magazines.
t or tsp is a teaspoon c is a cup
T or Tbsp is a tablespoon 12 or doz is a dozen
lb is a pound pt is a pint
oz is an ounce min is a minute
qt is a quart hr is an hour
You have to follow a recipe carefully to prepare food that will turn out the best. Measuring is very important to the success of a recipe. There are special utensils to use to help measure ingredients. When possible do not use a dry measuring cup for a liquid measuring cup. It is easy to spill fluids when a dry measuring cup is filled to the top. The teaspoon and soup spoon you use every day do not equal the same measurement as a real measuring spoon.
Measuring Spoons are used for measuring small amounts of both liquid and dry ingredients.
Dry Measure cups usually come in a set of four and include a ¼ cup, ⅓ cup, ½ cup, and a 1 cup.
Liquid Measuring Cups have a pour spout and a space above the last measuring line so liquids do not spill out.
3 teaspoons equals 1 tablespoon
16 ounces equal 1 pound in weight
4 tablespoons equal ¼ cup
1 cup equals 8 fluid ounces
5 1/3 tablespoons equal 1/3 cup
2 cups equal 1 pint
8 tablespoons equal ½ cup
2 pints equal 1 quart
16 tablespoons equal 1 cup
4 quarts equal 1 gallon
2 tablespoons equal 1 fluid ounce
1 liter equals 1.06 quarts
CUTTING A RECIPE IN HALF
Instead of: Use:
1/4 cup 2 Tbs.
1/3 cup 2 Tbs. & 2 tsp
½ cup ¼ cup
2/3 cup 1/3 cup
¾ cup 6 Tbs.
1 Tbs. 1 ½ tsp.
1 tsp. ½ tsp.
½ tsp ¼ tsp
1 oz = 30 ml 1 pound (lb)= 454 grams (g)
5 ml= 1 teaspoon 1 cup flour= 127 g
3 teaspoons = 1 Tablespoon (15ml) 1 cup white sugar= 200 g
4 tabs= ¼ cup (60ml) 1 cup brown sugar- 220 g
8 oz. = 1 cup (237 ml) 1 cup confectioner’s sugar=125g
2 cups= 1 pint (475) 1 cup butter(2 sticks)= 226 g
4 cups=gallon 1 cup cocoa= 100g
*Mg refers to milligram which is a unit of weight smaller than a gram.
*ML stands for millilitre and is a unit of measurement in liquids. This is often used in your medicine or other things in small doses.
250 DEGREES F = 105 DEGREES C very slow oven
250 DEGREES F =120 DEGREES C very slow oven
300 DEGREES F = 150 DEGREES C slow oven
325 DEGREES F = 165 DEGREES C slow oven
375 DEGREES F =190 DEGREES C moderate oven
400 DEGREES F =200 DEGREES C hot oven
425 DEGREES F =220 DEGREES C hot oven
450 DEGREES F =230 DEGREES C very hot oven
500 DEGREES F =260 DEGREES C very hot oven
Learn to Measure Accurately
White or Granulated Sugar
Spoon sugar into a dry measuring cup, higher than the top of the cup. Use the straight edge of a knife or a metal spatula to level off the top.
Break up any clumps by squeezing or rolling the bag. Spoon into a dry measuring cup. Pack it down firmly with the back of a spoon so it keeps the shape of the cup when turned over. Level with the straight edge of a spatula or knife.
Measuring flour incorrectly is a common mistake in cooking. To correctly measure flour: Use a spoon to stir flour. Then gently spoon flour out of its container into a dry measuring cup. Continue until the cup is overflowing, being careful not to pack it down. Level off with the straight edge of a knife.
*Try this experiment on measuring flour
Packing the flour into the cup actually, gives you more flour than you need. Try this – scoop flour in the measuring cup directly from the bag or container, then spoon that flour into another cup the proper way and see the difference in the amount measured. The difference between a packed cup and a correctly measured cup of flour is approximately 2 tablespoons!
Liquid Extracts and Juices
Pour the amount needed into the appropriate measuring spoon. Never measure over the mixing bowl or pan. Hold it over a small cup or another container to catch any spills.
Baking Powder/Baking Soda/Cornstarch/Cocoa
Stir with a spoon to break up any lumps, then fill measuring spoon. Level it off. If there is a foil half cover on your baking powder can, you can level off the spoon by rubbing the spoon under this foil rather than using a spatula or other straight edge.
Shortening and Butter
Take small amounts of shortening with a rubber spatula and pack firmly into a dry measuring cup. Level off with the straight edge of a knife or metal spatula. Clean cup out by removing shortening with a flexible spatula.
Pour salt into a small glass bowl and dip into it to measure. You may not get the right amount if you pour it into your spoon. Level off with the straight edge of a knife.